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The Three Stages of Gum Disease

It has been estimated that 75% of Americans have some form of gum disease which can be linked to serious health complications and causes dental problems that are avoidable.

The 3 Stages of Gum Disease Are:

  • Gingivitis
  • Periodontitis
  • Advanced Periodontitis
Gum Disease is Preventable
The Dangers Of Gum Disease

Gum disease has been linked to an increased risk for many serious health complications, including: 

  • Heart Disease
  • Premature Birth or Low Birth-Weight Babies
  • Stroke
  • Pancreatic Cancer
  • Memory Loss or Dementia
  • Diabetes
  • Head and Neck Cancer
Stages Of Gum Disease in Murfreesboro, TN

The daily task of brushing and flossing your teeth has never been more important in order to avoid gum disease and reduce the risks gum disease places on your overall health.

The latest research, published in 2012, shows that 47% of adults over the age of 30 have periodontal disease. This means more than 64 million Americans have an infection in the bones of their jaws and skulls which can cause the loss of teeth and increase the risk of a heart attack and strokes.

There are three main stages of gum disease:

Stages of Gum Disease Murfressboro, TN   

Stage 1: Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease and is caused by plaque buildup around the gum line which causes inflammation of the gums. If you neglect to brush or floss your teeth daily, this plaque buildup will trap bacteria and cause gum disease. Gingivitis causes inflammation of the gums. Gums that should otherwise be pink will appear red and swollen; you could experience bleeding when you brush or floss. However, at this point, gingivitis can still be reversed. The bone and fibers that hold your teeth in place have not yet been affected.
Stages of Gum Disease Murfressboro, TN   

Stage 2: Periodontitis

If gingivitis is left untreated, the condition will often become periodontitis. At this stage, the supporting bones and fibers that hold your teeth in place have been irreversibly damaged. Your gums begin to form “pockets,” deep hollow areas around the teeth that trap food, plaque, and bacteria. Your gums will recede and form gaps between your teeth. Immediate treatment is necessary to prevent further damage and tooth loss.
Stages of Gum Disease Murfressboro, TN   

Stage 3: Advanced Periodontitis

In this final stage, periodontitis has been left untreated and has become advanced periodontitis. Bacteria that was allowed to grow, spread, and cause destruction has destroyed the connective tissues and bones that support the teeth. The pockets that formed in the previous stage have become much deeper. Your teeth can shift or loosen. Loose teeth that move around in the mouth may affect your bite. At this stage, aggressive treatment is needed to save the teeth.
 


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Dr. Steven Daniel is Board Certified by the American Board of Periodontology. 

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